Geography and Climate

Nairobi has the unique distinction of being the only one-city county in Kenya, as well as the capital city of the nation. It is also the city with the largest population in Eastern Africa. The name “Nairobi” comes from a Maasai phrase which means “cold water.” The city is commonly referred to as the “City under the Sun” and its inhabitants are referred to as “Nairobians.”

Nairobi is a very prominent African city, strategically, politically, and financially. It is an established hub for business and culture. It is the main commercial center of the country, with relatively well-developed infrastructure, including modern financial and communications systems. Leading domestic and international banks operate out of Nairobi.

Areas around Nairobi are prime agricultural lands. The principal food crops are maize, sorghum, cassava, beans, and fruit. Cash crops, such as coffee, are grown by small-scale farmers. Horticulture is a new agricultural growth sector. Flower exports are an important source of foreign exchange.

With a well-developed system of hotels and top-rate tour companies and the country's spectacular game parks and beautiful coast, tourism is an important part of Kenya's economy. Nairobi is the center for many tour companies and travel agencies.

People and Religion

Nairobi is a melting pot of people from all over Kenya and the world in general. The representation (ratio) of the different tribes of Kenya in Nairobi is similar to the respective ratios of those tribes relative to the total population. Many foreign nationalities are also represented in Nairobi due to its strategic location for business and travel.

While Christianity is the dominant religion represented in Nairobi, with the existence of many churches from innumerable denominations, other prominent religions represented are Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. The Kenya Constitution guarantees freedom of worship, so the population associated as freely as it chooses to.

Tourist Attractions

Nairobi is the one of the few cities in the world with a national park within its boundaries, making it a prime tourist destination as well. The national park is unique in being the only game-reserve of this nature to border a capital city, or any major city. The park contains many animals including lions, giraffes, and black rhinos. The park is home to over 400 species of birds. The Nairobi Safari Walk is a major attraction to the Nairobi National Park as it offers a rare on-foot experience of the animals.

Nairobi is home to several museums, sites, and monuments. The Nairobi National Museum is the country's National Museum and largest in the city. It houses a large collection of artifacts portraying Kenya's rich heritage through history, nature, culture, and contemporary art. It also includes the full remains of a homo erectus popularly known as the Turkana boy. Other prominent museums include the Nairobi Gallery, Nairobi Railway Museum, and the Karen Blixen Museum. Uhuru Gardens, a national monument and the largest memorial park in Kenya, is also the place where the first Kenyan flag was raised at independence.

Nairobi also has many hotels and restaurants to cater to safari-bound tourists, from zero-star hotels to five-star hotels, from big chain hotels to smaller boutique hotels to budget hotels.

Other sites of interest include Jomo Kenyatta's Mausoleum, Kenya National Theatre, and the Kenya National Archives. Art galleries in Nairobi include the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma), the Mizizi Arts Centre, and the Nairobi National Museum.

To learn more about Places of Interest in Nairobi, please visit:
Kenya Wildlife Service –
Nairobi attraction -

To learn more about Nairobi, please visit:
Nairobi City and County-
Kenya Airways -